Isabela Manelici

I am a Ph.D. Candidate in Economics at UC Berkeley. My main research projects are at the intersection of International Trade and Development Economics. I am also interested in Public Economics and Urban Economics. My primary advisor is Professor Andrés Rodríguez-Clare. 

I am on the job market this fall and am available for interviews at the 2019 EEA Job Market in Rotterdam and 2020 ASSA Meetings in San Diego.

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RESEARCH

Working Papers

The Effects of Joining Multinational Supply Chains: New Evidence from Firm-to-Firm Linkages (link) 

​[Job Market Paper]

w/ Alonso Alfaro-Ureña (Central Bank of Costa Rica) and José P. Vasquez (UC Berkeley) 

Revise and Resubmit at the Quarterly Journal of Economics 

Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of becoming a supplier to multinational corporations (MNCs) using administrative data tracking all firm-to-firm transactions in Costa Rica. Event-study estimates reveal that after starting to supply to MNCs, domestic firms experience strong and persistent improvements in performance, including the expansion of their workforce by 26% and gains in standard measures of total factor productivity (TFP) of 6-9% four years after. Moreover, the sales of domestic firms to buyers other than the first MNC buyer grow by 20%, both through a larger number of buyers and larger sales per buyer. We propose a simple model by which TFP and reputation affect the number of buyers, but TFP alone affects sales conditional on buying. We find a model-based increase in TFP of 3% four years after. Finally, we collect survey data from managers in both domestic firms and MNCs for further insights on mechanisms. Our surveys suggest that becoming suppliers to MNCs is transformative for domestic firms, with changes ranging from new managerial practices to better reputation.

The Effects of Multinationals on Workers: Evidence from Costa Rica (link)

w/ Alonso Alfaro-Ureña (Central Bank of Costa Rica) and José P. Vasquez (UC Berkeley) 

Abstract: This paper estimates the effects of foreign multinational corporations (MNCs) on workers by combining administrative data on all worker-firm and firm-firm relationships in Costa Rica with an instrumental variable strategy that exploits variation in the size of MNCs in the country. First, using a within-worker event-study design, we find a direct MNC wage premium of nine percent. We provide evidence that this premium reflects above market wages rather than compensation for disamenities. Next, we study the indirect effects of MNCs on workers in domestic firms. As MNCs bring jobs that pay a premium, MNCs can improve the outside options of workers by altering both the level and composition of labor demand. MNCs can also enhance the performance of domestic employers through firm-level input-output linkages, which, in turn, can lead to higher wages. We show that the annual earnings of a worker experiencing a one standard deviation increase in either the labor market exposure or the firm-level exposure to MNCs grow one percentage point more than the earnings of an identical worker with no change in either MNC exposure. Finally, we develop a model to rationalize the reduced-form evidence and estimate structural parameters that govern wage setting. In the model, MNCs pay a wage premium and buy inputs from domestic firms that need to pay a recruitment and training cost to hire new workers. We find that workers have a low attachment to their employer and are sensitive to improvements in outside options. We also estimate that the marginal recruitment and training cost of the average domestic firm is equal to 90% of the annual earnings of a worker paid the competitive market wage. This high cost allows incumbent workers to extract part of the increase in firm rents resulting from higher sales to MNCs.

Industrial Policy at Work: Evidence from Romania's Income Tax Break for Workers in IT (link)

w/ Smaranda Pantea (Ministry of Finance of Romania and the University of Economics, Prague - VŠE)

Revise and Resubmit at the European Economic Review

Abstract: We study the firm and sector-level effects of an industrial policy designed to support the development of the IT sector in Romania. In 2001, Romania introduced an unexpected personal income tax break to programmers with eligible bachelor's degrees and who work on software development for firms in eligible IT sector codes. In 2013, policy-makers suddenly expanded the scope of the original tax break to cover more bachelor's degrees and sector codes in IT. We first use firm-level data and difference-in-difference designs around each policy episode to show that treated firms experience strong and long-lasting growth. We then employ sector-level data and a synthetic control design to show that after the introduction of this policy in 2001, the IT sector grew faster in Romania than in otherwise similar countries. Finally, downstream sectors relying more on IT services also grew faster in Romania after 2001. Our results suggest that this policy has been effective in promoting the development of the IT sector, a sector typically seen as key to the transition to a knowledge economy.

Publications

Terrorism and the Value of Proximity to Public Transportation: Evidence from the London Bombings (link)

Journal of Urban Economics, Volume 102, November 2017, Pages 52-75

Working Paper Version (link)

Abstract: Terrorism has become a primary concern for city dwellers around the world. This paper uses the 2005 attacks on the London Tube to provide causal evidence of the negative impact of terrorism on the value of proximity to public transportation. These attacks brought major transit stations into the spotlight as high-risk locations. As a result, surrounding communities became less attractive places in which to live and conduct business. I find that house prices closer to the major transit hubs of London fell by 6% for one year. This shock spread to Manchester as well: house prices closer to major transit hubs dropped by 9–14% for 3 to 4 years. I also show that new firms are less likely to locate near major stations after the attacks, particularly those relying on foot traffic. Among incumbent firms, those serving customers in person are most hurt by the attacks. 

Technical Reports

Costa Rican Production Network: Stylized Facts (link)

w/ Alonso Alfaro-Ureña, Mariany Fuentes Fuentes (Central Bank of Costa Rica) and José P. Vasquez (UC Berkeley) 

Research Paper of the Central Bank of Costa Rica, Nr. 002/2018

The Evolution of Labor Earnings and Inequality in Costa Rica: Micro-Level Evidence (draft available soon)

w/ Alonso Alfaro-Ureña,  Alfredo Mendoza-Fernandez (Central Bank of Costa Rica) and José P. Vasquez (UC Berkeley) 

Research Paper of the Central Bank of Costa Rica, 2019